Top 5 Women’s Health Issues to Safeguard Against
True that, women are generally more concerned of their health than men and undergo more regular screening tests or checkups with their physicians. Yet, there are some key health issues which continue to plague women around the world. From heart disease to cancer and Osteoporosis to menopause, women face health challenges, which need specialist medical attention and treatment. It is therefore important that women of all ages keep themselves updated on some of the major women’s health issues.
Cancer in Women
Cancer is a leading cause of death among women and the most fatal ones are the breast cancer, overine cancer and uterine cancer. Each of these types needs special tests and regular screening to identify the conditions at early stage so that the spread of cancer can be prevented.
Breast Cancer - is the most common form of cancer among women and comes in several forms. While some types such as Ductal Carcinoma In Situ commonly known as DCIS can be controllable, more invasive types can spread rapidly, deteriorating the patient’s condition unless detected earlier at the onset. Colloid carcinomas and papillary carcinomas are less invasive and give a better prognosis than breast removal surgery, if arrested in development stages. This is the main reason why women with high risk of this disease should undergo a mammogram test regularly. The risk increases with age and also attributed to age and family history. Being childless or obese as well as having high alcohol consumption can lend to greater risk of the illness. While lumps, swellings and abnormal hardness in breasts can be due to other conditions such as Fibrocystics, Cysts, Fibroadenomas or Intraductal papillomas and are not cancer related, it is always best to seek medical expertise to ensure that you are free of the risk.
Ovarian cancer – affects the woman’s overine which is critical to the reproductive system. The risk of developing an overine cancer is likely to stem from having a family history of the illness, hormone therapy, being childless and the old age. The illness is hard to detect as the symptoms are not that prominent. It is easy to ignore the common symptoms such as abdominal swelling, frequent urination, back and leg pains as well as virginal bleeding as signs of other discomforts of women’s periods. The detection has to be through a pelvic exam, ultra sounds and blood tests or combination of all.
Uterine Cancer – is a result of growth of mutated cells in the inside of the uterus wall. This is the most common cancer that occurs in the female reproductive system and arises from abnormal cells that develop within the inside lining of the uterus. Menopausal women are the most susceptible to this type of cancer and should therefore take regular .PAP smears can detect migrating cancer cells in the cervix area while advances checkups as abdominal or transvaginal ultrasound, CAT scans, and CA 125 blood tests can be used to pinpoint an overine cancer and its stage.
Menopause and Women’s Health
While menopause is no illness, it can certainly be considered a health issue which women should be aware of and prepared to face confidently. At around the age of 50, ovaries stop producing the estrogen and progesterone hormones which stops the woman’s monthly periods. Pre menopause period is known for some major discomforts and changes in a woman that needs to be well managed. From hot flashes to insomnia and virginal dryness, mood swings and facial hair growth, women suffer through menopause, mostly without being aware of the changes taking place in their bodies. Loss of hormones can affect the bone strength and therefore, diet changes and calcium and vitamin D intake should be increased. As menopause women carry a higher risk of heart diseases, regular exercise and diet management is important.
Risk of Osteoporosis
Osteoporosis was a condition accepted as a fate of old age until the role of calcium and exercises for the bones was not known. But now, women who are aware of the risk which they have to face down the line have the chance to take action from their teenage years, building their bone strength and repairing of bone damage. People with family histories of this disease are at a higher risk, just as the ethnic groups of White and Asian women. Low levels of hormones as estrogen can also cause Osteoporosis. Diets low in nutrients, especially calcium can affect bone strength while lack of exercise and substance abuses are among other major contributing factors.
With proper awareness and preparedness in advance, women can face many of these health issues successfully and lead an active and healthy life style.